The human microbiome: First 1000 days of life

According to the review, published in Trends in Microbiology: “The first 1 000 days provides a window of opportunity for

Oral anti-histamines: Are they safe in children?

AR vs NAR  AR is considered a systemic illness and is often accompanied by constitutional symptoms such as fatigue, malaise,

Child’s play? Walking rings can be dangerous

“Of these, four percent had been critically injured, and 72% had serious to moderate injuries, with the remaining 24% of

What’s causing your patient’s sore throat?

PHARYNGITIS The patient comes in complaining of a sore throat, with or without swollen glands. There may be an associated

Pneumococcal vaccines: an African perspective

BACKGROUND Pneumococcal disease is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae which commonly causes infection of the respiratory tract i.e. lungs,

Squashing head lice myths

MYTH: Head lice jump from one head to another. FACT: They are wingless and cannot jump or fly. They can

Probiotics and children

General features of probiotics and their importance in our GITs: Firstly, let us consider the general benefits of probiotics: Probiotics

New fluid replenishment for children now available

In children, fluid and nutrient loss can be caused by a variety of factors, some of which include vomiting, diarrhoea,

Understanding enuresis

HOW COMMON IS IT? Bedwetting is very common. It afflicts 5-10% of children below the age of ten years, and

Vitamin B and kidney function in children with diabetes

Studies indicate simple supplementation of vitamin B complex may protect against the development and progression of kidney disease in children

Digital medicine for autism and ADHD

A new study evaluates the feasibility, safety, and benefit potential of video game-based ‘digital medicine’ to help children with autism and co-occurring ADHD.