What’s causing your patient’s sore throat?

PHARYNGITIS The patient comes in complaining of a sore throat, with or without swollen glands. There may be an associated upper respiratory tract infection. There are a number of possible causes. Pharyngitis can be bacterial

Pneumococcal vaccines: an African perspective

BACKGROUND Pneumococcal disease is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae which commonly causes infection of the respiratory tract i.e. lungs, sinuses, or ears. In vulnerable people S. pneumoniae can invade the blood stream and cause

Squashing head lice myths

MYTH: Head lice jump from one head to another. FACT: They are wingless and cannot jump or fly. They can only be passed by direct head-to-head contact of at least 30 seconds. MYTH: Head lice

Probiotics and children

General features of probiotics and their importance in our GITs: Firstly, let us consider the general benefits of probiotics: Probiotics are defined as living micro-organisms which, on ingestion in certain numbers, exert health benefits beyond

New fluid replenishment for children now available

In children, fluid and nutrient loss can be caused by a variety of factors, some of which include vomiting, diarrhoea, fever or when a child is unable to drink due to a viral infection. Increased sweating from

Understanding enuresis

HOW COMMON IS IT? Bedwetting is very common. It afflicts 5-10% of children below the age of ten years, and a few per cent of older children and teenagers as well. It is equally common

Vitamin B and kidney function in children with diabetes

Studies indicate simple supplementation of vitamin B complex may protect against the development and progression of kidney disease in children with diabetes, which could promote improved health and quality of life in adulthood. Type 1

Digital medicine for autism and ADHD

A new study evaluates the feasibility, safety, and benefit potential of video game-based ‘digital medicine’ to help children with autism and co-occurring ADHD.

SA medical breakthrough: measuring intracranial pressure

Paediatric neurosurgeon Dr Llewellyn Padayachy has introduced a novel diagnostic method, which uses the eye as a window to the brain.

Cape Town newborn benefits from advanced keyhole surgery

A keyhole procedure to repair a diaphragmatic hernia, a congenital defect in the diaphragm, was successfully performed on a newborn baby at Netcare Blaauwberg Hospital in Cape Town.

Understanding an ADHD diagnosis and how to manage it

It is unclear whether ADHD is more common today, but it is evident that the prevalence rates of diagnosed and treated cases have escalated over time.

Tackling teething

Tender, swollen gums can make life miserable for not only a baby but his/her parents too. While there are many suggestions, what works for one baby won’t necessarily work for another. The only way to