The immune boosting benefits of probiotics 

The body’s first line of defence against invading pathogens is an innate immune response. The innate immune response relies on…

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CPD POINTS: 1

Vaccines: an overview

A vaccine is by definition any biological preparation that enhances immunity against disease, and which either prevents (prophylactic vaccines) or…

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CPD POINTS: 1

When the wolf bites

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare, chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease that affects multiple tissues and organs. Hippocrates was the…

A metronomic approach to NSCLC

About 14% of all new cancers are lung cancers. Metronomic chemotherapy offers hope for elderly patients with lung cancer.

The 3 stages of HIV

Without treatment, people with AIDS typically survive about 3 years.

Vitamin B deficiencies and treatment

There are eight essential B vitamins that cannot be synthesised in the body and hence need to be ingested daily.