A 3D roadmap: SPECT-CT and PET-CT in skin cancer

Skin cancer and more specifically malignant melanoma rates are on the rise the world over, and currently accounts for 1% of the world’s cancer incidence.

Pruritis: what you need to know

Itchy skin, also known as pruritus can be caused or worsened by dry skin. It’s common in older adults, as skin tends to become drier with age.

 

Sun, surf and skin

Pigmentary disorders are one of the top five most common dermatologic diagnoses in people of African descent. Pigmentary disorders either have a genetic cause or can be acquired.

Schooling sores

Impetigo is a contagious, superficial bacterial infection of the skin, most frequently encountered in children. Causative organisms are almost always Staphylococcus aureus or streptococci, or a combination of the two.

Treating psoriasis: should gender make a difference?

Psoriasis is one of the most common skin diseases, with a worldwide prevalence of about 2%-4%. Prevalence is very low in Asian and some African populations, while in Caucasian populations it can be as high as 11%.

New classification system simplifies BCC diagnosis and treatment

A team of multidisciplinary experts from the European Dermatology Forum, the European Association of Dermato-Oncology and the European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer, has proposed a new classification system for basal cell carcinoma (BCC).

Do moisturisers work?

There are dozens of creams and lotions for dry skin, sold as moisturisers. Well-controlled studies of ingredients are few and far between.

Atopic dermatitis: TCIs particularly effective in sensitive skin sites

Atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin condition, affects up to 20% of children and 3% of adults worldwide. AD is often associated with other atopic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and food allergies.

Medical Chronicle August 2019 CPDs

These are both CPDs produced for the August 2019 issue of Medical Chronicle, accredited for 3 points. This month’s CPDs focus on dry skin and skin integrity, and the cardiovascular complications of diabetes.

Maintaining skin integrity

The prevalence of dry skin complaints from both healthy individuals and patients with certain skin diseases is increasing. Dry skin is thought to be associated with ageing, environmental factors and genetic disorders and is usually due to impaired skin barrier function.

Beyond the atopic march

Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as eczema, is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease of unknown origin that often starts during early infancy. In recent years, research has indicated that it might be a precursor condition to more severe conditions, including CVD.

Update, equip, improve dermatology practice in South Africa

This article is based on presentations given by leading dermatology and allergology practitioners at a recent symposium hosted by Mylan Derma.

THIS IS ONE OF FOUR CPDs FOR SPECIALIST FORUM’S JULY 2019 ISSUE. YOU CAN ACCESS THE QUIZ HERE.

Histological clearance of basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent occurring malignant tumour among human populations worldwide, with an increasing incidence rate over the last decade. It alone accounts for 90% of all skin cancers.

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CPD POINTS: 1

What to do about hyperpigmentation?

Facial melanoses have always been cosmetically and psychologically disturbing to the patients. Despite great recent advancement in dermatology, treating facial melanoses remains a challenge to doctors and is equally frustrating for patients.

Topical treatment for onychomycosis

Nail fungal infections are the most common diseases of the nails, making up almost half of all nail abnormalities. Both fingernails and toenails are susceptible to infection, which usually appears as discolouration and thickening of the nail.

Link found between atopic dermatitis and salt

A team from the Technical University of Munich has demonstrated that salt leads to the formation of Th2 cells, immune cells active in allergic conditions such as atopic dermatitis.

Delving deeper into basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer, with a rapidly growing prevalence in countries with majority white populations. Even though a number of treatment strategies exist, only surgery and topical treatments provide an optimal outcome.

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CPD POINTS: 1

Xerosis: a focus on black skin

Doctors should provide evidence-based information about emollients for patients of African origin, since both hyperpigmentation and lichenification are different for black skin types than white or Asian skin types.

Identification and care of external genital warts

Genital warts are a symptom of certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and result in significantly reduced quality of life. A number of treatment options are available, but efficacy rates vary dramatically between treatments.

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CPD POINTS: 1

Banish fungal nail infections for good

Fungal nail infections, also referred to as onychomycosis, may affect one or more nails of the fingers or toes but most often involve the great toenail.

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