Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) cause high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Empiric therapy is often based the choice of antibiotic treatment on antibacterial spectrum of the agent rather than on its pharmacological properties or the pathogen resistance profile.
As many as 90% of patients use their inhalers incorrectly. Incorrect technique is especially problematic in young children and elders. Asthma and COPD affect up to 10% of the population, and many individuals with these conditions have uncontrolled symptoms.
Smoking cessation is possibly the single most important intervention for improving health and increasing life expectancy. Approximately 50% of smokers will die prematurely due to cigarette smoking unless they quit.
The Global Forum on Human Rights and a Tobacco-Free World was recently held in Romania. Global leaders in health and human rights came together to highlight the ongoing tobacco epidemic. They discussed the creation of an actionable plan to end this epidemic.
Ventilator‐associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common hospital-acquired infections, especially among critically ill patients. While many doctors turn to antimicrobials to combat VAP, this is often irresponsible, given the efficacy of treatments such as chlorhexidine.
The bronchial tree continuously divides down to the 23rd generation (division). One consequence of this division is that the mucosal surface area of the airways is relative larger in the distal lung than in the proximal lung. This may be important when dealing with an airway disease.
An international study of 154 492 European children found that those who had had upper respiratory infections, such as colds, sinusitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and otitis, by the age of five years had a 1.5-fold increased risk of developing asthma in later life.