Dressings in burn wound management

No single dressing is suitable for the management of all types of burn wounds. Its therefore vital that pharmacists choose the correct dressing for the specific wound features.

A 3D roadmap: SPECT-CT and PET-CT in skin cancer

Skin cancer and more specifically malignant melanoma rates are on the rise the world over, and currently accounts for 1% of the world’s cancer incidence.

Perimenopause: the beginning of sexual dysfunction?

A new study documents 30% increase in sexual dysfunction during perimenopause, with vaginal dryness identified as the primary culprit.

Antibiotic treatment for LRTIs: getting it right

Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) cause high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Empiric therapy is often based the choice of antibiotic treatment on antibacterial spectrum of the agent rather than on its pharmacological properties or the pathogen resistance profile.

Pruritis: what you need to know

Itchy skin, also known as pruritus can be caused or worsened by dry skin. It’s common in older adults, as skin tends to become drier with age.

 

Sun, surf and skin

Pigmentary disorders are one of the top five most common dermatologic diagnoses in people of African descent. Pigmentary disorders either have a genetic cause or can be acquired.

Medical Chronicle Dec/Jan 2019 CPDs

These are the CPDs produced for the Dec/Jan 2019 issue of Medical Chronicle, together accredited for 3 general points. This month’s CPDs focus on snakebite treatment and the relationship between smoking and cardiovascular health.

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CPD POINTS: 3

The silent crippler

By the time you finish reading this article and completed our online CPD questionnaire (about 60 minutes), 1 200 people over the age of 50 would have sustained an osteoporotic fracture.

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CPD POINTS: 2

50 ways to improve nutrition in the ICU

Between 40% and 60% of adult patients treated in intensive care units (ICU) are at high risk of malnutrition. Malnutrition increases the risk of mortality, while evidence shows that optimal nutritional support leads to better clinical outcomes.

The reality of snakebites – time is tissue

With at least 600 000 people worldwide killed or permanently disabled each year, snakebites are the biggest public health crisis that no one has heard of. THIS IS THE FIRST OF TWO CPDs FOR MEDICAL CHRONICLE’S DECEMBER/JANUARY 2019 ISSUE. YOU CAN ACCESS THE QUIZ HERE.

Quitting smoking improves heart health

Smoking is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor and smoking cessation leads to a reduced risk of cardiovascular events including mortality and smoking cessation is much more effective as any pharmacological drug in this regard.

New strain of HIV found

For the first time in almost two decades, a team of scientists has detected a new strain of HIV. HIV has several different subtypes or strains, and like other viruses, it has the ability to change and mutate over time.

Pain in the gut

The cause of abdominal problems can be hard to pinpoint. Sometimes serious and minor abdominal problems start with the same symptoms.

International congress highlights: ASRM 2019

The 75th annual congress of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) scientific congress and expo were held from 12 to 16 October in Philadelphia. The theme was Celebrating 75 years of history and innovation. South African delegates share some feedback with our readers.

Total knee replacement vs rigorous nonsurgical therapy

Prior to the introduction of total knee replacement in the 1970s, patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis frequently became housebound. Now, these patients can remain mobile.

How to avoid antibiotic resistance in UTIs

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) pose a serious health problem for patients with high cost to society. UTIs are also the most frequent healthcare-associated infections. E. coli is the predominant pathogen in uncomplicated UTIs.

Treatment and prevention of osteoporosis

Despite the health consequences of osteoporosis and the availability of effective treatments, it remains consistently under-diagnosed and under-treated.

Schooling sores

Impetigo is a contagious, superficial bacterial infection of the skin, most frequently encountered in children. Causative organisms are almost always Staphylococcus aureus or streptococci, or a combination of the two.

SA Ophthalmology Journal Spring 2019 CPDs

These are the CPD-accredited multiple-choice questions for the SA Ophthalmology Journal’s Spring 2019 issue. Topics covered include penetrating keratoplasty, bilateral cataract surgery and angle grinder injuries.

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CPD POINTS: 3

Guidelines: treating migraine in children

The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the American Headache Society have issued new guidelines on preventing and treating migraine in children. The guidelines, published in Neurology, update the AAN’s 2004 recommendations.

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