What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is becoming more common in SA and globally, affecting as many as one in 10 women. Polycystic simply means that there are multiple cysts on the ovaries.

Bloody eye drops

The use of regenerative therapy with autologous serum (AS) or blood derived eye drops for the treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca, more commonly known as dry eye syndrome (DES), is becoming increasingly popular.

Treating psoriasis: should gender make a difference?

Psoriasis is one of the most common skin diseases, with a worldwide prevalence of about 2%-4%. Prevalence is very low in Asian and some African populations, while in Caucasian populations it can be as high as 11%.

Coblation for tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy remain the most common surgical procedures performed by an ENT surgeon. Tonsils and adenoids are lymphoid (glandular) tissue clumped together in the back of the throat and nose respectively.

What you need to know about preeclampsia testing

Testing placental growth factor (PIGF) may have value as a diagnostic adjunct in women with suspected preeclampsia, according to results of research by British investigators.


No two breast cancers are the same

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer diagnosis in women. In South Africa, BC accounted for 20.8% of all female cancers in 2013 and 10% of the entire cancer burden.

A brief overview of epilepsy and its pharmacological management

Status epilepticus is a medical emergency and should be managed in a clinical working environment. The pharmacist plays an important role in the education of PWE; dispensing of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and antiepileptic pharmaceutical care.

Treating patients with the future in mind

VIDEO CPD: We are exposed to multiple potentially hazardous environmental contaminants on a daily basis, which negatively impact our health and general well-being, says Tuks’ Dr Natalie Aneck-Hahn.

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Aspen’s Gastroenterology Update digibook

This beautifully designed digibook brings you the best gastroenterology-related articles from the pages of Medical Chronicle, collected for ease of reference in a single volume.

When to do pertussis vaccination

Pertussis (whooping cough) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in infants and continues to be a public health concern despite high vaccination coverage. The disease, caused by Bordetella pertussis, is endemic in all countries.

Adjustment disorder conundrums

Adjustment disorder (AjD) is among the most often diagnosed mental disorders in clinical practice. Studies show that the prevalence is around 1%–2%. AjD is time limited, although stressors may be ongoing, resulting in longer symptom duration and a high risk for suicidality.

Choosing the right drug for SAC management

Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis and similar ocular allergies are extremely prevalent and are some of the most commonly encountered conditions in a doctor’s office. But treatment of this condition is more complex than usually assumed.

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Benefits of cannabidiol

The medical community is slowly warming to the use of cannabidiol (CBD) for a wide number of health concerns. Its utility includes well-known analgesic effects on cancer pain, but also extends to the treatment of gastroenterological and neuropsychiatric illnesses, and beyond.

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Weight loss medicines: the best and the worst

Some obese patients don’t respond at all to treatments involving diet and exercise and for them, anti-obesity medicines are a necessity. But should South African doctors be prescribing medications containing pseudoephedrine for weight loss, when much better options abound?

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Dealing with early morning BP surges

Cardio-metabolic disorders are the most important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Hypertension, obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and hyperlipidaemia, cause 60% of global deaths annually. Hypertension is the main driver of cardiovascular (CV) events and morbidity.

Saluting saline rinses and sprays

Simple saline is a wonderful non-medicated addition to the management of many conditions involving the nose and the chest, from simple colds to annoying allergies.

‘Tis the season for AOM

Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common childhood illness – 75% of children have at least one episode by three years of age. AOM is often misdiagnosed.

Breast cancer: Key findings from ASCO

Each year, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), a professional organisation representing healthcare providers of all oncology sub-specialties, holds its annual meeting in Chicago. We bring you important insights from this international congress.

Medical Chronicle October 2019 CPDs

These are the CPDs produced for the October 2019 issue of Medical Chronicle, together accredited for 3 general points. This month’s CPDs focus on acute otitis media treatment and cutting-edge treatment modalities for breast cancer.

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Screening for sepsis

Sepsis is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity globally. Early diagnosis of sepsis and early initiation of evidence-based bundle care can greatly improve the outcome of sepsis.

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