More than 40% of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients have diabetes. Chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) below 60mL/min per 1.73 m2 or kidney damage for three or more months, is a common complication of diabetes.2,19
Erectile dysfunction (ED), defined as the chronic inability to achieve or sustain a penile erection, increases with age. Regular and chronic ED affect about 35% of men aged 60 and 50% of men older than 70.1 ED has a negative effect on men’s quality of life (QoL), often resulting in depression and other psychological and psychiatric disorders. Various treatment options are discussed in this article.
Women show markedly higher prevalence rates of major depression, dysthymia, generalised anxiety and panic disorders as well as social and specific phobias than men. Men, on the other hand, show higher prevalence rates of antisocial personality disorder and substance dependence.
The prevalence of actinic keratosis and superficial basal cell carcinoma make them some of the most commonly encountered dermatological conditions in a primary care setting. While they are easy to treat, concerns remain about their long-term clearance.
Mindfulness meditation has become increasingly popular in the last decade. In 2018 alone, 842 articles were published in academic journals, moving the practice from the domain of alternative and unscientific, into mainstream medicine, psychology, education and business.
As many as 90% of patients use their inhalers incorrectly. Incorrect technique is especially problematic in young children and elders. Asthma and COPD affect up to 10% of the population, and many individuals with these conditions have uncontrolled symptoms.
In 2017, the publication of the new American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) hypertension guideline created considerable controversy. Should the new recommended thresholds for hypertension be incorporated, it would increase the prevalence of hypertension by 43%.
Atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin condition, affects up to 20% of children and 3% of adults worldwide. AD is often associated with other atopic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and food allergies.
Studies show that the prevalence of AF ranges from 1% to 15% in people between the ages of 35 and 85. Age is a risk factor for AF, which means as life expectancy increases, the number of people with the condition will continue to rise. It is expected that by 2050, the prevalence of AF will increase by 250%.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the leading causes of disability in the elderly. Changes in the lubricating properties of synovial fluid leads to significant pain and functional disability.
We chat to Prof Bernardo Rapoport, medical oncologist at the Medical Oncology Centre of Rosebank (Johannesburg), and extraordinary professor in the Department of Immunology at the University of Pretoria, about the role of biomarkers in personalised oncology medicine.
About 1% of women younger than 40 experience premature menopause, and 5% younger than 45 experience what is defined as early menopause. The average age of menopause ranges between 50-52 years with variations according to ethnic group.
Distinguishing between winter ailments with the same common symptoms is vital in order to recommend the correct treatment.