Postmenopausal osteoporosis is common in men and women over the age of 50. In fact, one in three women and one in five men in this age category are at risk of an osteoporotic fracture, according to the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF).
The International Society of Hypertension (ISH) is currently writing new global hypertension guidelines to be published during the first half of 2020. The Southern African Hypertension Society will soon comment on the impact of lowered blood pressure threshold recommended by some international societies.
Smoking cessation is possibly the single most important intervention for improving health and increasing life expectancy. Approximately 50% of smokers will die prematurely due to cigarette smoking unless they quit.
Infertility is estimated to affect between 8% and 12% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide. In some regions of the world such as South and Central Asia, the Middle East, sub-Saharan and North Africa as well as Eastern Europe, the rates of infertility are much higher, reaching ∼30%.
Worldwide, more than 50 million people have epilepsy, making it one of the most common neurological diseases globally. Nearly 80% of people with epilepsy live in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the fact that epilepsy is a manageable disease, many people living in these countries face stigmatisation and discrimination due to cultural beliefs.
Fournier’s gangrene is a newly identified safety concern in patients receiving sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. Physicians prescribing these agents should be aware of this possible complication and have a high index of suspicion to recognise it in its early stages.
Over-the-counter antitussive medications for acute cough are among the most frequently used medications globally, but concerns have been raised over the safety profile of, for example, codeine-containing mixtures. Should doctors be concerned about this and, if so, which medicines are the safest?