Future reproduction babies

In November last year, Prof He Jiankui from the Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen (China) announced that he created the world’s first genetically edited babies.

Who and how often should you screen for cervical cancer?

The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) published their updated recommendation statement on screening for cervical cancer (CC) in the August issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

MSA: Something altogether different

Although multi-system atrophy (MSA) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) will always be entwined, the former is increasingly being recognised as a separate entity with unique pathology, diagnostic hurdles, and nuanced treatment.

Solar keratoses

Actinic or solar keratoses are keratotic lesions occurring on chronically light-exposed adult skin. They represent focal areas of abnormal keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation that carry a low risk of progression to invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

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Patient autonomy and informed consent

Informed consent is one of the key components of ethical patient care and it is vital that medical practitioners understand the requirements of the law in this regard.

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Treatment options for child and adolescent obesity

Childhood and teenage overweight and obesity are growing challenges in developing countries, with up to 13% of South African children believed to be overweight or obese.

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Infection in chronic wounds

This article gives an overview of bacterial balance, inflammation and wound infection, and offers guidance on the assessment of chronic wounds in a clinical setting.

Going au naturel

Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) affect between 5% and 29% of the general population. FGIDs include functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Migraine with aura

The International Classification of Headache Disorders defines migraine as ‘recurrent attacks, lasting minutes, of unilateral fully-reversible visual, sensory or other central nervous system symptoms that usually develop gradually.

GINA Guidelines 2018: What’s new?

The 2018 update of the Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention (GINA) incorporates new scientific information about asthma based on a review of recent scientific literature.

A world without Alzheimer’s

The first practice guidelines for the clinical evaluation of cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD) were released earlier this year by the American Alzheimer’s Association workgroup.

Inhalant allergens predicting allergy to animals

Sensitisation to furry animals seems to be on the increase globally and it appears that sensitisation in early childhood can precede respiratory allergy in adolescence.

7 key recommendations for management after PFO closure

The first position paper on the management of patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO) and left circulation embolism explores the available trial evidence and define the principles needed to guide decision-making.

Avoid laundry list in GORD management

Although gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is not age specific, people older than 40 are most affected.

The stepped care model

The new National Institute of Health Care Excellence guideline proposes a stepped care model for the management of patients with chronic depression.

Multiple sclerosis 101

Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects an estimated 30 people per 100 000 population. In South Africa this number is slightly higher at 32 people per 100 000 population.

Patient autonomy: Informed consent

Below are sections 6 to 9 of the National Health Act, which deal directly with then concepts of patient autonomy and informed consent.

New hope for men with mCRPC

Androgen deprivation therapy has been the mainstay of treatment for advanced and metastatic prostate cancer, but the treatment is not curative and most men progress to mCRPC.

As time goes by

The treatment of hypertension using drugs and the achieved benefits of such treatment is founded on a solid body of evidence representing a very large number of well-conducted randomised clinical trials.

SAOJ Spring 2018 CPDs

See below for the quiz you need to answer to obtain CPD points for the Spring 2018 issue of the SA Ophthalmology Journal.

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