Medical Chronicle Dec/Jan 2019 CPDs

These are the CPDs produced for the Dec/Jan 2019 issue of Medical Chronicle, together accredited for 3 general points. This month’s CPDs focus on snakebite treatment and the relationship between smoking and cardiovascular health.

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CPD POINTS: 3

The silent crippler

By the time you finish reading this article and completed our online CPD questionnaire (about 60 minutes), 1 200 people over the age of 50 would have sustained an osteoporotic fracture.

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CPD POINTS: 2

50 ways to improve nutrition in the ICU

Between 40% and 60% of adult patients treated in intensive care units (ICU) are at high risk of malnutrition. Malnutrition increases the risk of mortality, while evidence shows that optimal nutritional support leads to better clinical outcomes.

The reality of snakebites – time is tissue

With at least 600 000 people worldwide killed or permanently disabled each year, snakebites are the biggest public health crisis that no one has heard of. THIS IS THE FIRST OF TWO CPDs FOR MEDICAL CHRONICLE’S DECEMBER/JANUARY 2019 ISSUE. YOU CAN ACCESS THE QUIZ HERE.

Quitting smoking improves heart health

Smoking is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor and smoking cessation leads to a reduced risk of cardiovascular events including mortality and smoking cessation is much more effective as any pharmacological drug in this regard.

New strain of HIV found

For the first time in almost two decades, a team of scientists has detected a new strain of HIV. HIV has several different subtypes or strains, and like other viruses, it has the ability to change and mutate over time.

Pain in the gut

The cause of abdominal problems can be hard to pinpoint. Sometimes serious and minor abdominal problems start with the same symptoms.

International congress highlights: ASRM 2019

The 75th annual congress of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) scientific congress and expo were held from 12 to 16 October in Philadelphia. The theme was Celebrating 75 years of history and innovation. South African delegates share some feedback with our readers.

Total knee replacement vs rigorous nonsurgical therapy

Prior to the introduction of total knee replacement in the 1970s, patients with advanced knee osteoarthritis frequently became housebound. Now, these patients can remain mobile.

How to avoid antibiotic resistance in UTIs

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) pose a serious health problem for patients with high cost to society. UTIs are also the most frequent healthcare-associated infections. E. coli is the predominant pathogen in uncomplicated UTIs.

Treatment and prevention of osteoporosis

Despite the health consequences of osteoporosis and the availability of effective treatments, it remains consistently under-diagnosed and under-treated.

Schooling sores

Impetigo is a contagious, superficial bacterial infection of the skin, most frequently encountered in children. Causative organisms are almost always Staphylococcus aureus or streptococci, or a combination of the two.

SA Ophthalmology Journal Spring 2019 CPDs

These are the CPD-accredited multiple-choice questions for the SA Ophthalmology Journal’s Spring 2019 issue. Topics covered include penetrating keratoplasty, bilateral cataract surgery and angle grinder injuries.

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CPD POINTS: 3

Guidelines: treating migraine in children

The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the American Headache Society have issued new guidelines on preventing and treating migraine in children. The guidelines, published in Neurology, update the AAN’s 2004 recommendations.

What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is becoming more common in SA and globally, affecting as many as one in 10 women. Polycystic simply means that there are multiple cysts on the ovaries.

Bloody eye drops

The use of regenerative therapy with autologous serum (AS) or blood derived eye drops for the treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca, more commonly known as dry eye syndrome (DES), is becoming increasingly popular.

Treating psoriasis: should gender make a difference?

Psoriasis is one of the most common skin diseases, with a worldwide prevalence of about 2%-4%. Prevalence is very low in Asian and some African populations, while in Caucasian populations it can be as high as 11%.

Coblation for tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy remain the most common surgical procedures performed by an ENT surgeon. Tonsils and adenoids are lymphoid (glandular) tissue clumped together in the back of the throat and nose respectively.

What you need to know about preeclampsia testing

Testing placental growth factor (PIGF) may have value as a diagnostic adjunct in women with suspected preeclampsia, according to results of research by British investigators.

 

No two breast cancers are the same

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer diagnosis in women. In South Africa, BC accounted for 20.8% of all female cancers in 2013 and 10% of the entire cancer burden.

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