BV is characterised by a shift in the vaginal flora from the dominant Lactobacillus to a polymicrobial flora, as well as a thin homogeneous white discharge, a vaginal pH of greater than 4.5, a positive amine test, and the presence of clue cells microscopically. BV is associated with a wide array of health issues, including preterm births, pelvic inflammatory disease, increased susceptibility to HIV infection, and other chronic health problems.

Antibiotic therapy has been shown to be effective at eradicating bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy and reduce the risk of late miscarriage.

Please sign in to read more