Understanding the wound healing process is important as there are several types of wounds that need care that is specific to them. The mechanism of cutaneous wound healing is extremely complicated, requiring a complex interplay between a variety of highly controlled factors to return damaged skin to a healed barrier function. In most superficial wounds, this chain of events occurs normally; however, it may go wrong at any point along the way. This sequence of events happens naturally in many superficial wounds; additionally, any step along the way can go wrong, particularly if there are underlying disease states such as diabetes.

Surgical incisions may often result in poor consistency or irregular scarring or, at worst, surgical site complications [Image: Shutterstock].

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