The cause of IBD has yet to be identified, but it is considered to develop as the result of abnormal intestinal immunity and altered gut microbiota caused by environmental factors such as diet and infection in genetically susceptible individuals. The two major forms of IBD are ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). UC is a diffuse non-specific inflammatory disease of unknown cause that continuously affects the colonic mucosa proximal from the rectum and often forms erosions and/or ulcers.

IBD patients have an increased risk of dyssynergic defecation due to chronic changes in bowel habits, perianal disease and surgical procedures [Image: Shutterstock].

Please sign in to read more